The CD sampling rate is 44.1kHz and there are 32 bits per sample, so the data rate of the encoded analog data is 1.41Mbps, but the inclusion of parity, synch, and subcode bits raises the real data rate to 4.3Mbps. A CD will hold about 650 Mb, or about 74 minutes of stereo, 16-bit audio. The digital portion of the CD audio system is not stereophonic, but sequential monaural. See also Control and Display signals. Compare with Direct Stream Digital. The CD file format is defined by ISO 9660. For more information on CD standards, please see Sound on Sound, “Compact Disc Formats” by Mike Collins, January 1998. See also SACD. (Super Audio Compact Disc.)